Category: Libya


Benghazi Cathedral (Libyan Tourism Directory)

Founded as the Greek colony of Ευεσπεριδεσ, or Euesperides, around 525 B.C.E., the city has been under the control of a number of empires since, including the Romans and the Ottomans. At one point, the greek colony was saved by chance while under attack by Libyan tribes in 414 B.C.E. A fleet from Sparta had been en route to Sicily to fight a battle against an Athenian colony there during the Peloponnesian War, but it was blown off course by strong winds. The Spartans helped to drive back the Libyan tribes, rescuing the city.

Today, the city is known as Benghazi is a stronghold for a democratic uprising against Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi and it is now under attack by the dictator. The UN Security Council has agreed to the institution of a no-fly zone over the country, primarily led by France. Will it be too little, too late? Good luck to everyone fighting for democracy everywhere.

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Space Shuttle Discovery lifts off for the last time (Michael Berigan/Reuters)

Space

The Space Shuttle Discovery launched into orbit for the last time Thursday, carrying a new crew to the International Space Station. There will be two more flights before the end of the Space Shuttle program. The shuttle Endeavour is scheduled to make one more trip to space in April, followed by the last shuttle flight by Atlantis in June. The shuttle program was to be superseded by the Constellation program, a series of manned and unmanned missions that were aimed toward bringing the United States back to low earth orbit, then the Moon and ultimately Mars. Citing current private companies such as SpaceX that are developing manned orbital systems, president Obama cancelled the Constellation program. At the moment, it appears United States will not be the first country to Mars.

Developments in Libya

Mu’ammar Gadhafi blamed al Qaeda today for the uprising spreading through his country, saying that Osama bin Laden had brainwashed young Libyans who had been given hypnotic drugs in their milk. Opposition groups now control most of Libya, but Gadhafi’s stronghold is in the capital, Tripoli, where his forces are exacting a heavy toll, though some troops and pilots are refusing to fire on protesters. The death toll due to the government attacks on civilians is likely higher than 1,000. Opposition groups continue to make gains despite the government’s counterattack and they are massing in the opposition-controlled eastern portion of the country. The United States, after a generation of enmity and containment, has found that it has few options regarding the situation in Libya. It has few contacts with the leadership, no aircraft carriers in the Mediterranean, and is forced to rely on nations such as France and Italy that have had friendlier relations with Libya. Even worse, once the opposition forces take over there may not be such a warm and rosy relationship with the new government because President Bush sold Gadhafi weapons. Yes, once again weapons emblazoned with “Made in U.S.A.” are firing at civilians who are trying to form a new democracy. So much for shoot first and ask questions later.

WikiLeaks

Julian Assange has lost his trial for extradition to Sweden. This was expected as most extraditions within the EU are granted. Assange has promised to appeal the ruling and has seven days to do so or else he will be extradited within 10 days.

Artist depiction of Michele Bachmann's inner thoughts (yo2boy)

US Federal Budget

Fear not! Michele Bachmann know’s who to turn to to solve the Federal Budget Deficit! Sure, we all know that the Tax Code is a Weapon of Mass Destruction, but who better to handle WMDs than Glenn Beck? Do not get all of the apocalypse porn get to you and do not let the fact that he can not tell the difference between a socialist and a fascist bother you, but he is full of … it.

Returning to the real world, the US Budget is a big point of contention, with Republicans gearing up to defund everything that makes America a modern nation. Rachel Maddow has a great piece on how the GOP is defunding the Corporation for Public Broadcasting but how it wants to give more money ($40 billion) to big oil. Meanwhile, Representative Anthony Weiner (D-NY) asks the GOP why they want to get rid of government health care for the middle class, but they do not want to get rid of their own government health care. Current Office of Management and Budget (OMB) estimates suggest that the Tea Party/Republican proposal to cut $100 billion in discretionary spending would kill nearly 1 million jobs and cause the second Republican-induced recession in three years.

News from Abroad

A number of people are dead after a shallow 6.3-magnitude earthquake strikes Christchurch, New Zealand. The earthquake was followed by magnitude 5.5 and 5.6 aftershocks as well.

Fired upon in a sneak attack Thursday evening, protestors swelled in numbers Friday as they took back Pearl Square in Manama, Bahrain. They had been calling for a constitutional monarchy and now they are calling for the king’s head. After the king told hospitals not to treat demonstrators, Britain and France have stopped exporting crowd control weapons to Bahrain, but will the US do the same in the nation where it holds a huge naval base?

While students protest in Algiers, Trade Unions continue to protest in the streets in Tunisia. Workers are also calling for higher wages in Egypt, though the mention of the labor movements that brought down dictatorships in these two countries is simply called a “democracy” movement by the corporate American press.
Cracks appear in the Gadhafi regime as the military attacks jets to attack the crowds. Violence against the nonviolent protests has been fruitless throughout the Middle East and Libya is no different: Demonstrators now occupy several major cities, including the second largest city Banghazi, despite reports of heavy casualties there and in Tripoli. Two Libyan military jets also landed in Malta seeking asylum rather than fire on civilians.

In Pakistan, an American arrested for murder in Lahore is a CIA covert agent. Relations with Pakistan are already tense due to numerous civilian deaths after a large number of American drone attacks on its supposed ally. This also comes just a day after American airstrikes in Afghanistan kill 64 civilians, according to the Kunar provicial governor.

Labor protests in America – On Wisconsin!

Protests continue strong in Wisconsin as Egyptians purchase pizzas for state employees over the internet, saying ‘We Stand With You As You Stood With Us’ in a beautiful statement of solidarity. The protests in Madison met for the eight day as another round of mammoth protests are scheduled for Tuesday across the country.

Tea Party New Jersey Governor Christie faces the possibility of protests as he plans to force staff to pay more toward benefits. Labor unions have already marched in Trenton in solidarity with demonstrators in Wisconsin. Angry union workers filled the Statehouse in Indianapolis as Tea Partiers in a legislative committee approved a measure to eliminate collective bargaining rights for state employees, approving a Chamber of Commerce-supported “Right to Work” bill. The Tea Party Governor of Michigan will not push for a similar measure, saying he won’t “pick fights” with unions by following the same path as Wisconsin’s Walker. In nearby Illinois, workers from Chicago are joining the Madison protests. More workers joined protests across the state of Nevada in solidarity with the Wisconsin state employees, while hundreds gathered in Helena, MT to argue against state budget cuts, crazy legislation and for solidarity with Wisconsin.

More protests are scheduled around the country Tuesday, including:

Little Rock, Arkansas
Phoenix, Arizona
Palmdale, California
Sacramento, California
Denver, Colorado
Des Moines, Iowa
Annapolis, Maryland
Boston, Massachusetts
Springfield, Massachusetts
Saint Paul, Minnesota
Santa Fe, New Mexico
New York, New York
Columbus, Ohio
Providence, Rhode Island
Montpelier, Vermont
Madison, Wisconsin

Demonstrations under the Rotunda of the Wisconsin State Capitol (AP Photo)

Labor rights are coming to the fore in the United States as the Tea Party begins the work that Conservative corporations paid for in the November election to dismantle labor rights and privatize public services across the country. Nothing is to be left untouched, not even the children as Tea Partier and Missouri State Senator Jane Cunningham (R-of course) seeks to end her state’s prohibition on the employment of children under the age of 14. The full text of her bill can be found on the Missouri State Senate website but here is the Summary:

SB 222 – This act modifies the child labor laws. It eliminates the prohibition on employment of children under age fourteen. Restrictions on the number of hours and restrictions on when a child may work during the day are also removed. It also repeals the requirement that a child ages fourteen or fifteen obtain a work certificate or work permit in order to be employed. Children under sixteen will also be allowed to work in any capacity in a motel, resort or hotel where sleeping accommodations are furnished. It also removes the authority of the director of the Division of Labor Standards to inspect employers who employ children and to require them to keep certain records for children they employ. It also repeals the presumption that the presence of a child in a workplace is evidence of employment.

That’s right, underage children can work in hotels and motels – and they can be asked to work hours as late and long as the management deems fit – sounds like a great idea, right? Hey, when push comes to shove these are Republican family values. This kind of hypocrisy is not new. Find out how Republicans Tom Delay and Jack Abramoff supported the sex trade in the Northern Marianas Islands on NPR and at Tom Paine.com.

In Washington, the GOP is planning to limit the new Federal Consumer Protection Agency that is intended to protect people against predation by credit card companies, bad mortgages and other types of corporate fraud. Now why would anyone want to prevent the prevention of fraud? Meanwhile, the Center for American Progress estimates that Republican spending cuts will cost about 1 million jobs in 2011. “So be it,” says John Boehner. And Jon Stewart catches Republican Jeff Sessions in a little bit of budgetary hypocriscy.

Despite some small cuts to it, both Obama and the Republicans plan to significantly cut spending on social programs rather than the bloated military. Though some legislators are beginning to consider cuts to the roughly 1,000 military bases that the U.S. runs overseas. Yet the national security state is very…well…secure. Just ask Bradley Manning who has been kept in solitary confinement for months, without being allowed to exercise. The U.S. military is trying to get him to admit a connection to Julian Assange – if only Bradley would just say the words…

There is a political war on labor and public and regulatory institutions in the country. It is being financed by the Koch Brothers, who own Koch Industries. The Koch Brothers fund the Tea Party and they run astroturf campaigns to repeal the Clean Air Act, ending labor rights, and being rather heavy polluters, they are aiming to defund the EPA. They are a big reason why we have politicians like Michele Bachmann, who is currently at war with Michele Obama over breastfeeding. The Koch Brothers also make the claims of socialistic fascism through people like Glenn Beck. Are you a Commie-Nazi? And it is all possible because the Republicans already live rich fantasy lives.

Wrecking Democracy is big business. Learn more about the right-wing corporate groups who hire crazy people to talk about “death panels” and deny climate change while we should be discussing relevant issues.

By contrast: In Minnesota, Democratic Governor Mark Dayton, a rather wealthy individual, has decided to balance the state budget by taxing wealthy Minnesotans. He is also planning to increase funding for K-12 education and to repay the loans the state took from schools under Republican Governor Pawlenty. Mark Dayton is also increasing the state’s Medicaid program by tapping federal money that Republican Pawlenty rejected. This will allow the state to save some money in health and human services.

But Minnesota has it’s share of kooks. Michele Bachmann refuses to acknowledge that President Obama is a U.S. Citizen and a Christian, even when asked directly by George Stephanopoulos. And Republican State Representative Mike Beard claims that Minnesota should resume coal mining because as he mentioned to MinnPost, “God is not capricious. He’s given us a creation that is dynamically stable. We are not going to run out of anything.” That is right, Earth – a planet of finite size – has infinite resources because Mike Beard says that God says so. Mike Beard, another Tea Partier, has an opinion on the issue that is diametrically opposed to many who actually study the nature of the Universe, like Stephen Hawking.

In Uganda, where American Republican and Christian Conservative Operatives are funding and assisting the passage of that nation’s “Kill the gays” bill, the government is banning the use of words such as “Egypt”, “bullet”, “people power”, “teargas”, “army”, “Ben Ali”, “Tunisia”, “Mubarak” and several others ahead of the upcoming election. Meanwhile, clashes with police are increasing as protests continue in Libya, Yemen and Bahrain. The U.S. State Department has called for restraint in the now violent Bahraini response to protests the the small island nation and home of a major U.S. naval base.

In health news, bad food makes you dumber according to a new study in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. Ancient Britons, hailing from an island not always renowned for its food, may have drunk from human skulls.

Oh, and on one final note: ‘Curveball’, the Iraqi informant used by the Bush Administration to sell the War in Iraq now claims that he lied to the Bush Administration about Weapons of Mass Destruction so that they would take out Saddam Hussein.